Prof Andreas Schafer

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Andreas W. Schäfer is a Professor of Energy and Transport at the UCL Energy Institute, University College London.  He is also the UCL Energy Institute’s Director of Research, a Visiting Professor at the Precourt Energy Efficiency Center at Stanford University, and a Research Affiliate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).  He has been a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of Transportation for five years.  

Andreas’ publications cover the demand for and supply characteristics of energy and transportation systems.  Examples include econometric models of national, world-regional, and global travel demand, techno-economic assessments of advanced surface and air vehicle technologies, and integrated modeling of the global air transportation system.  In addition to peer review journals, his work was published in popular science magazines, such as Scientific American and American Scientist.  He is lead-author of “Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World”, MIT Press (June 2009).  

Andreas was principal investigator of a number of funded research projects, including the UK Research Council funded “Aviation Integrated Modelling” project ( and the EU FP7 funded “Technology Opportunities and Strategies Toward Climate-Friendly Transport” ( project. 

Prior to joining the UCL Energy Institute, he held appointments at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), MIT, the University of Cambridge, and Stanford University.  Andreas holds a MSc in Aerospace Engineering and a PhD in Energy Economics, both from the University of Stuttgart, Germany.  

Research Summary

Andreas W. Schäfer’s research interests include energy and transportation systems analysis.

Research outputs

Exploring the use of dynamic linear panel data models for evaluating energy/economy/environment models — an application for the transportation sector 2016 Schäfer A,Kyle P,Pietzcker R
Costs of mitigating CO2 emissions from passenger aircraft 2015 Schäfer AW,Evans AD,Reynolds TG,Dray L
Air transportation and the environment 2014 Schäfer AW,Waitz IA
Simulating airline operational responses to airport capacity constraints 2014 Evans A,Schäfer AW
Airline fleet replacement funded by a carbon tax: An integrated assessment 2014 Dray L,Evans A,Reynolds T,Schäfer AW,Vera-Morales M,Bosbach W
Technology limits for reducing EU transport sector CO2 emissions 2012 Dray LM,Schäfer A,Ben-Akiva ME
The impact of airport capacity constraints on future growth in the US air transportation system 2011 Evans A,Schäfer A
Mitigation of aviation emissions of carbon dioxide: Analysis for Europe 2010 Dray L,Evans A,Reynolds T,Schäfer A
Transportation in a climate-constrained world 2009 Schäfer A,Heywood JB,Jacoby HD
A comparison of aviation greenhouse gas emission mitigation policies for Europe 2009 Dray LM,Evans A,Reynolds TG,Schäfer A
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Research activities

Aviation Integrated Modelling Project
Feasibility Study of Mobility-as-a-Service concept for London