Prof Andreas Schafer

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The UCL Energy Institute delivers world-leading learning, research and policy support on the challenges of climate change and energy security. Our approach blends expertise from across UCL, to make a truly interdisciplinary contribution to the development of a globally sustainable energy system. We are part of The Bartlett: UCL's global faculty of the built environment.



Andreas W. Schäfer is a Professor of Energy and Transport at the UCL Energy Institute, University College London.  He is also the Director of Research of the Bartlett School of Environment, Energy, and Resources, and a Visiting Professor at the Precourt Energy Efficiency Center at Stanford University.  He was a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of Transportation for five years and has served on a number of advisory boards from government and university research programs.

Andreas’ publications cover the demand for and supply characteristics of energy and transportation systems.  Examples include econometric models of national, world-regional, and global travel demand, techno-economic assessments of advanced surface and air vehicle technologies, and integrated modeling of the global air transportation system.  In addition to leading peer review journals, his work was published in popular science magazines, such as Scientific American and American Scientist.  He is lead-author of “Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World”, MIT Press (June 2009).  

Andreas has been principal investigator of many research projects, including the UK Research Council funded projects "Airport Capacity Consequences Leveraging Aviation Integrated Modelling (ACCLAIM)", "Aviation Integrated Modelling  (AIM)" (, and the EU FP7 funded "Technology Opportunities and Strategies Toward Climate-Friendly Transport (TOSCA)" project. 

Prior to joining the UCL Energy Institute, he held appointments at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the University of Cambridge, and Stanford University.  Andreas holds a MSc in Aerospace Engineering and a PhD in Energy Economics, both from the University of Stuttgart, Germany.  

Research Summary

Andreas W. Schäfer’s research interests include energy and transportation systems analysis.

Research outputs

A Critical Review of New Mobility Services for Urban Transport 2016 Kamargianni M,Li W,Matyas M,Schafer A
Costs of mitigating CO2 emissions from passenger aircraft 2015 Schäfer AW,Evans AD,Reynolds TG,Dray L
Long-term trends in domestic US passenger travel: the past 110 years and the next 90 2015 Schäfer AW
Airline fleet replacement funded by a carbon tax: An integrated assessment 2014 Dray L,Evans A,Reynolds T,Schäfer AW,Vera-Morales M,Bosbach W
Simulating airline operational responses to airport capacity constraints 2014 Evans A,Schaefer AW
Air transportation and the environment 2014 Schäfer AW,Waitz IA
Exploring the use of dynamic linear panel data models for evaluating energy/economy/environment models — an application for the transportation sector 2014 Schäfer A,Kyle P,Pietzcker R
Technology limits for reducing EU transport sector CO2 emissions 2012 Dray LM,Schäfer A,Ben-Akiva ME
The impact of airport capacity constraints on future growth in the US air transportation system 2011 Evans A,Schäfer A
Mitigation of aviation emissions of carbon dioxide: Analysis for Europe 2010 Dray L,Evans A,Reynolds T,Schäfer A
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Research activities

Aviation Integrated Modelling Project
Feasibility Study of Mobility-as-a-Service concept for London